The theme of Colonization in The Tempest from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes
The Tempest has often been interpreted as a play about colonialism primarily This shows the colonizer's attitude of looking down on the colonized people. The hatred towards the colonizer is very great and strong among the colonized. Thus, The Tempest not only deals with the effects of colonization and civilization them as unspoiled savages because of their unalienated relationship to the. Recent scholarship has begun examining the relationship of Caliban and this relationship as analogous with that of the colonized and colonizers. known about the native situation at the time of his writing the Tempest.
Act I, ii, Even to the Aerial he intimidates: Caliban is frustrated from the very beginning with the oppressive attitude of his dictator master Prospero. He lets his suppressed emotions burst out like a dormant volcano to express his disgust and frustration. He loathes his confinement in the hard rock somewhere while Prospero keeps the whole island to himself. His regretful act of introducing the colonizer to the different qualities of the island and his inaccessibility to those essences of the island has aroused such feelings of disgust and frustration in Caliban.
The Discoverer and the Discoverer, Caliban regrets over his own deeds; making Prospero convenient and more exploitative and curses himself. He is able to benefit from their language. Caliban is very puny and servile and tries to seek freedom just to enslave himself to another tyrant colonizers. Caliban is ignorant about the other human existence as he had seen only Prospero, who tormented him, and Miranda, who hated him. Caliban takes this opportunity as a chance to fortify his freedom and Caliban seeks help with the hope to get rid of Prospero.
When this idea struck Stephano and Trinchulo, they envision the island as a space of freedom and vast potential. They are power hungry like everyone in the colonial psyche though they are somewhere in the middle of nowhere; Antonio had exiled his brother for the sake of dukedom of Milan and Sebastian is ready to kill his brother to ascend the throne of Italy.
Hence, these characters plan a second conspiracy and thus complicate the play. The third act constitutes the climax of the play which means that a crisis occurs. In romance plays, this is often the moment when two young lovers declare their love in the midst of some complications. Thus, in The Tempest it seems that Prospero does not want his daughter Miranda to see Ferdinand, the man who is in love with her. However, this is only his pretence and the audience knows that.
What is more, the conspiracy against Prospero is further developed but again the audience knows that Prospero is not really in peril because Ariel, a spirit of the air who assists him, listens to everything and warns Prospero.
The fourth act is concerned with the falling action which leads to the resolution of the play. Hence, in the fourth act of The Tempest Ferdinand and Miranda admit their love to each other and thus their affection and amour is celebrated. At the same time, Prospero punishes Stefano, Trinculo and Caliban who plotted against him.
The final fifth act constitutes the catastrophe which brings about the conclusion of the play. This act closes the play for it resolves the conflict. In this act, Prospero triumphs over those who wanted to harm and murder him.
What is more, Caliban regrets his action against Prospero and Sebastian and Antonio are defeated. A Literary Life New York,p. A Guide to the Play Westport,p. The Arden Shakespeare, 3rd Series London, Text and Performance Houndmills,pp. In colonial perspective, we see the play through the eyes of colonizers. But if we see the play from post-colonial perspective, Caliban is emerging against from the very beginning of domination.
The hatred towards the colonizer is very great and strong among the colonized.
Post Colonial Thoughts in Shakespear's Tempest | arzu rahman - acryingshame.info
Prospero manipulates everybody and every action in the play. Everybody on the island is manipulated by Prospero the way a puppet master controls his puppets. Caliban as a colonized wants to strike back on the colonizer.
Caliban is disobedient and creates problems for the colonizer. He attempts to rape Miranda and it is a threat posed to the safety of the colonizer. He tells Prospero that the land that Prospero rules was forcefully taken away from his mother. Like Caliban's protest, in world history, too protest has begun with the birth of colonialism itself.
He simply says, ''I wish it were done''.
Despite this, Caliban again and again claims that the land is to be inherited on him. It means he seems to be justified in claiming that the island originally belonged to him.
Colonialism and Post-Colonialism in The Tempest
This Island is mine, by Sycorax, my mother. Caliban, therefore, remains at the end what he was at the beginning.
No change occurs in Caliban's nature. Here, Prospero, like White men is in the illusion that they are working for them calonized.