New England Colonies
Relations with the Indians in the area were mixed; despite the charming Notably, for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay and New England, disease was less. Feb 16, The New England Colonies had a very different relationship with the Due to the Native Americans the London Company settled in the marshy. Dec 2, Relations with Native Americans Compared with later groups who founded colonies in New England, such as the Puritans, the Pilgrims of.
Bradford and the other Plymouth settlers were not originally known as Pilgrims, but as "Old Comers. Some of the most notable passengers on the Mayflower included Myles Standish, a professional soldier who would become the military leader of the new colony; and William Bradforda leader of the Separatist congregation who wrote the still-classic account of the Mayflower voyage and the founding of Plymouth Colony.
Settling at Plymouth Rough seas and storms prevented the Mayflower from reaching their initial destination, and after a voyage of 65 days the ship reached the shores of Cape Cod, anchoring on the site of Provincetown Harbor in mid-November.
After sending an exploring party ashore, the Mayflower landed at what they would call Plymouth Harbor, on the western side of Cape Cod Bay, in mid-December.
During the next several months, the settlers lived mostly on the Mayflower and ferried back and forth from shore to build their new storage and living quarters. More than half of the English settlers died during that first winter, as a result of poor nutrition and housing that proved inadequate in the harsh weather. Leaders such as Bradford, Standish, John Carver, William Brewster and Edward Winslow played important roles in keeping the remaining settlers together. They valued generosity rather than hoarding their assets, and the chiefs acquired honor through feasting and entertaining other chiefs.
No one starved unless everyone starved. Native Peoples developed different strategies for dealing with the European settlers who began descending on their land in the seventeenth century. Some resisted, some fled their traditional homelands, and some made compromises. While the Native Americans tried to make political alliances with the colonists, the Europeans were more interested in grabbing as much land as possible. They lived in different areas during the year, depending on the season.
Their mobile lifestyle meant that their homes had none of the possessions that were the sign of status in Europe. Using matting, bark and pelts, they lived in easily built lodges. Relationships between the two groups were troubled by disagreements over land use and land rights.
Native Americans and Massachusetts Bay Colony | History of American Women
Part of the problem stemmed from their different attitudes toward land ownership. To the New England Natives, selling land did not mean granting exclusive, eternal ownership to the buyer. It simply involved accepting a new neighbor and sharing their resources. The Puritans, though, were committed to private property ownership, and expected the Natives to immediately and permanently vacate their land upon its sale.
The Relationship Between the Natives Americans and the Colonies - acryingshame.info
To make a profit, the colonies had to export materials back to England. These included furs, which were very valuable in Europe.
In exchange for furs, the colonists gave the Native Americans metal implements, such as axe-heads and knives. But instead of the native style of warfare, which took hostages but had few casualties, the Europeans massacred the Native Americans, including women and children. The Pilgrims endured terrible hardships in their first years at Plymouth, with disease and starvation taking a toll.
Politics and native relations in the New England colonies
The infant colony grew slowly, raising maize and trading furs with the nearby Dutch as well as with the Indians. Plymouth Plantation was the first permanent settlement in New England, but beyond that distinction, its place in American history is somewhat exaggerated. The Massachusetts Bay colony. Puritan merchants bought the defunct Virginia Company of Plymouth's charter in and received royal permission to found a colony in the Massachusetts area north of Plymouth Plantation.
Almost overnight, they founded a half dozen towns, setting up churches on the congregationalist pattern under the Reverend John Cotton. These churches ran their own affairs, taxed the community to finance operations, and hired and fired ministers. Although church attendance was compulsory, not everyone was deemed worthy of membership. This intimidating test ultimately served to limit church membership and forced the next generation to modify procedures.
Education was a high priority in Puritan society because literacy was essential to Bible study. Laws were passed calling for the creation of grammar schools to teach reading and writing, and Harvard College was founded in to train the clergy. The narrow views of the Puritan leaders regarding religious conformity provoked opposition. Roger Williams argued for the separation of church and state, and the right of privacy in religious belief, and against compulsory church service.
Banished from Massachusetts Bay inhe went south to Narragansett Bay and founded the Providence settlement. InWilliams received royal permission to start the colony of Rhode Island, a haven for other religious dissenters. Anne Hutchinson was another critic of clerical authority. Puritan leaders called her and her supporters Antinomians—individuals opposed to the rule of law. Tried for sedition, Hutchinson was also exiled as a danger to the colony. She lived in Rhode Island for a time and then moved to New Netherland, where she was killed in during a conflict between settlers and Indians.
The Puritans brought disease as well as their religion to the New World, and the impact on the native population was the same as it had been in the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America a century earlier. As settlements expanded beyond the coastal region, conflicts with the local tribes became common, with equally devastating results.