Dead-end | Definition of Dead-end by Merriam-Webster
A dead end is a street with only one inlet/outlet. A dead end is also known as a cul-de-sac Dead ends are created in urban planning to limit through-traffic in residential areas. .. and an increasing demand for large lots and houses creates the impression of a necessary relationship between street type and unit density. Dead-end text: Thanks for last night. #dating#text#relationship#talking#attraction. by Bellaisa Filippis January 22, Get the mug. Get a Dead-End Text mug. Dead-end definition is - lacking opportunities especially for advancement. How to use dead-end in a sentence.
For that [arrangement] is difficult for foreign troops to enter and find their way about when attacking. We have, in our medieval towns, showing very commendable methods of cutting up the land. I ought to mention here that to keep traffic out of residential streets is necessary not only in the general interest of the population, but, above all, for the sake of the children, whose health amongst the working classes is mainly dependent on the opportunity of moving about in close connection with their dwelling places, without the danger of being run over.
In the earlier periods, traffic was excluded from residential streets simply by gates or by employing the cul-de-sac.
The proponents of the Act, Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker, thus gained permission to introduce culs-de-sac in their subsequent site plans, and they promoted it as a suitable street type for Garden Suburbs. Unwin's applications of the cul-de-sac and the related crescent always included pedestrian paths independent of the road network.
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This design feature reflects the predominance of pedestrian movement for local trips at the turn of the 20th century, and presages the current planning priority for increased pedestrian accessibility.
In the s, the garden city movement gained ground in the US and, with it, came its design elements, such as the cul-de-sac. Clarence Steina main proponent of the movement, incorporated it in the Radburn, NJsubdivision, which was to become a model for subsequent neighbourhood developments. The US Federal Housing Authority recommended and promoted their use through their guidelines  and the power of lending development funds. Inthe Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation published its own guidelines  in which the cul-de-sac was strongly recommended for local streets and, as the FHA in the US, used its lending power to see its inclusion in development plans.
In the UK new towns such as Harlow by Sir Frederick Gibberd and Milton Keynes incorporated culs-de-sac and crescents in their layouts Planning theorists have suggested the use alternatives to culs-de-sac most notably, Christopher Alexander et al.
Although dead end streets, i. Whole neighbourhood street reconfigurations emerged in several cities, mainly concentrated in North America and the UK, which include Berkeley, CaliforniaSeattle, Washington and Vancouver, British Columbia.
This transformation of grid plans since the s responds to the following needs: To limit access to an existing road newly designated as a major artery, enabling traffic to move smoothly on it To alleviate residents' concerns This selective, sporadic transformation is continuing. As traffic volumes increase and as cities decide to remove or reduce traffic on specific streets of central areas, streets are closed off using bollards or landscaping thus creating new, originally unplanned dead ends and producing a new, functional blend of the inherited grid with newer street types.
A recent variation of limiting traffic is the managed closure by using retractable bollards which are activated by designated card holders only. However, not only do they stop cars, they also stop ambulances and other emergency vehicles and often lack adequate turning.
Suburban use and benefits[ edit ] Since the end of World War II new subdivisions in the United States and Canada, as well as New Towns in England and other countries have made extensive use of the cul-de-sac and crescent loops street types. Typically, there is one or several central roads in the subdivision with many cul-de-sac streets of varying length, branching out from the main roads, to fill the land in the subdivision; a dendrite or hierarchical pattern.
In this pattern, there are only a few roads relative to the number of cul-de-sac streets leading out of the subdivision and into other subdivisions or onto major roads.
Dead end (street)
In the US, these changes can be attributed to real-estate developers' desire to meet FHA guidelines and make federal home loans available to their consumers. These incentives, which were discontinued in the s, gave the initial impetus for the application of the hierarchical pattern.
In other countries, such incentives do not exist and its adoption is motivated by consumer preferences. American urban planningin the 19th and early 20th century emphasized a grid planpartly out of extensive reliance on foot, horse and streetcars for transportation.
In such earlier urban development, alleys were included to allow for deliveries of soiled supplies, such as coal, to the rear of houses which are now heated by electricity, piped natural gas or oil. Brookside Close in Liverpool was used exclusively for the filming of Channel 4 soap opera Brookside.
The use of culs-de-sac reduces the amount of car traffic on residential streets within the subdivision, thus reducing noise, air pollution and the probability of accidents. The study recommends hybrid street networks with dense concentrations of T-intersections and concludes that a return to the 19th century gridiron is undesirable.
This decrease in traffic, in turn, is thought to lower the incidence of crime and increase desirability, because in most cases the people who traverse the cul-de-sac either live there or are guests of those who do.
CPTED planning principles suggest increased natural surveillance and sense of ownership as a means of fostering security in a neighbourhood. Both of these phenomena occur naturally on a cul-de-sac street as does social networking. Cul-de-sac streets increase spontaneous outdoor activity by children. A study in California examined the amount of child play that occurred on the streets of neighbourhoods with different characteristics; grid pattern and culs-de-sac.
Culs-de-sac reduce perceived danger from traffic, thereby encouraging more outdoor play. In addition, they confirmed the results of the seminal Donald Appleyard study which showed the negative correlation between amount of traffic and social networks. It showed that the cul-de-sac street with the lowest traffic of the three streets had the highest level of social interaction.
These studies recommend the use of the cul-de-sac or strong traffic calming measures. When culs-de-sac are interconnected with foot and bike paths, as for example in Vauban, FreiburgVillage HomesDavis, California, they can increase active modes of mobility among their residents. From an environmental perspective, culs-de-sac allow greater flexibility than the common grid in adapting to the natural grades of a site and to its ecologically sensitive features, such as streams creeks and mature forest growth.
A survey of residents on three types of streets: The second, focused on trails and greenbelts, found that other amenities including cul-de-sac streets add significantly to the home value. The photos show the street below and the connecting footpath to the corresponding street above A diagram showing the street and path network of Village Homes with connected culs-de-sac A cul-de-sac sign in DublinIreland Traffic safety issues[ edit ] Dead ends are traditionally considered safer traffic environments for children than normal streets, but research shows that areas with many dead ends in fact have higher rates of traffic accidents involving young children.
This increases fuel consumption and vehicle emissions and has negative effects on health by reducing walking and cycling rates. The evidence does not either identify with certainty which characteristics of the built environment are most closely associated with physical activity behaviour.
The study also warns against confusing inadequate physical activity with obesity which is the outcome of an energy imbalance. The impermeability deficiency of the typical cul-de-sac street can be addressed by applying a modified, improved version of it, mentioned above, that enables pedestrian and bicycle through movement. While this more permeable version can be applied in new developments easily, modifying existing impermeable cul-de-sac streets is problematic as it encounters property ownership issues.
Efforts in this direction are, however, being made. Given the complicated legal process and the sheer number of exiting cul-de-sac streets, however, such efforts would be slow to produce results and may only have a marginal impact in changing the landscape of existing districts.
Conversely, transforming existing streets that are part of a grid plan into permeable, linked culs-de-sac, as was done in Berkeley, California and Vancouver, British Columbia, is physically and administratively easy due to the public ownership of the street right-of-way. However, residents on adjacent through roads may resent the potential traffic increase and delay the process.
In Berkeley, the barriers used were permeable to both pedestrian and bicycle traffic, and became the backbone of the bicycle boulevard system in that region. Increases in pedestrian and bicycle permeability may result in a displacement of local car trips for short distance destinations  and consequently a reduction in neighbourhood vehicle emissions. The impermeable cul-de-sac not only discourages walking and biking but also increases the length of car trips by the circuitous geometry of the dendrite network structure of which it is a part.
Dead end (street) - Wikipedia
Research studies examined the influence of several variables on the amount of car travel that residents of several types of districts recorded. Results vary considerably among one other, but there is general agreement on a number of key correlations: Culs-de-sac, especially those that also cut off pedestrian connections instead of limiting only road traffic, have also been criticised for negative effects on safety, because they decrease the amount of through traffic vehicular or pedestrian that might spot an accident or crime victim in need of help.
Proponents of culs-de-sac and gated communities have in turn countered that the reduction in through traffic makes any "stranger" much more recognisable in the closed local environment and thus reduces crime danger.
That moment when "let's hang out," or "can I come over" texts send you into a lying fit. You come up with any possible excuse that will get you out of spending time with them -- even accepting overtime at work sounds better at this point.
Marriage and children with them? If you know that your relationship will not lead to your version of a lifelong happy ending non-sexual happy ending! You feel like their adoptive parent If you do more for them than you do for yourself, it's time to make yourself a priority and let them fall far down to the wayside.
What does dead end mean? dead end Definition. Meaning of dead end. acryingshame.info
You don't care what they do. You go out and flirt, they go out and flirt, you both go out together and flirt with other people in front of each other Relationships shouldn't exist when there is no partnership. You had sexual relations before taking the time to get to know each other. Every partnership needs both an emotional and physical connection to really stick together; one without the other leads to a lot of questions, judgments and miscommunication, which leads both people to a dead-end.
There is no 'next step' for your relationship. When your friends ask you what your next step is with your partner and you have no response or simply haven't thought about it, there's a large possibility it's because neither of you have talked about it, or you have not thought about it. Being complacent is not always a good thing. When you have to wonder if you're at a dead-end.
If you're questioning the end of your relationship or its outcome, it is a good time to just move on. So basically, if in doubt Voice your dead-end relationship signs in the comments on this post!
Special thanks to Kim for her help with this article.