Benjamin Disraeli - Wikipedia
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS (21 December – 19 April ) He had always maintained a close friendship with Queen Victoria, who in appointed him Earl of Beaconsfield. By the time of his second premiership, Disraeli had built a strong relationship with Victoria, probably closer. Read the key facts about Queen Victoria that includes images, quotations and The Duchess of Kent developed a close relationship with Sir John Conroy, an ambitious Irish officer. . In the Tory, Benjamin Disraeli, became Prime Minister. of which he poured forth the following extraordinary tirade: "I trust in God that. Christopher Hibbert analyses Queen Victoria's very personal approach an astute and tactful man whom the Queen came to like and to trust; it was by the appointment of the Conservative Prime Minister, Benjamin Disraeli.
She had no interest in social issues, yet the 19th century in Britain was an age of reform.
10 Lessons from Queen Victoria’s Favorite Prime Minister – 5-Minute History
She resisted technological change even while mechanical and technological innovations reshaped the face of European civilization. When Victoria became queen, the political role of the crown was by no means clear; nor was the permanence of the throne itself. That was the measure of her reign.
Intherefore, three of his sons, the dukes of Clarence, Kent, and Cambridgemarried to provide for the succession. His only child was christened Alexandrina Victoria. In control of the pliable duchess, Conroy hoped to dominate the future queen of Britain as well. Conroy thus aimed to make the princess dependent on and easily led by himself.
Strong-willed, and supported by Lehzen, Victoria survived the Kensington system; when she ascended the throne inshe did so alone. Moreover, her retentive memory did not allow her to forgive readily. Accession to the throne In the early hours of June 20,Victoria received a call from the archbishop of Canterbury and the lord chamberlain and learned of the death of William IV, third son of George III. She was small, carried herself well, and had a delightful silvery voice, which she retained all her life.
The accession of a young woman was romantically popular. Coronation of Queen Victoria, Conroy was pensioned off. Only Lehzen, of whom Victoria was still in awe, remained close to the queen. Even her beloved uncle Leopold was politely warned off discussions of British politics. Melbourne, detail of an oil painting by J. Moreover, because of Melbourne, Victoria became an ardent Whig. The Hastings affair began when Lady Flora Hastings, a maid of honour who was allied and connected to the Torieswas forced by Victoria to undergo a medical examination for suspected pregnancy.
The gossip, when it was discovered that the queen had been mistaken, became the more damaging when later in the year Lady Flora died of a disease that had not been diagnosed by the examining physician. The enthusiasm of the populace over the coronation June 28, swiftly dissipated.
When Melbourne resigned in MaySir Robert Peelthe Conservative leader, stipulated that the Whig ladies of the bedchamber should be removed. Peel therefore declined to take office, which Melbourne rather weakly resumed. You Tories shall be punished. She described her impressions of him in the journal she kept throughout her life: Queen Victoria and Prince Albert as a youthful married couple.
There were 37 great-grandchildren alive at her death. Victoria never lost her early passion for Albert: Victoria explained to her eldest daughter in What you say of the pride of giving life to an immortal soul is very fine, dear, but I own I cannot enter into that; I think much more of our being like a cow or a dog at such moments; when our poor nature becomes so very animal and unecstatic.
At the beginning of their marriage the queen was insistent that her husband should have no share in the government of the country. He is the King to all intents and purposes. Courtesy of The National Portrait Gallery, London The Queen is not conceited—she is aware there are many things she cannot understand and she likes to have them explained to her elementarily—not at length and in detail but shortly and clearly.
Albert, who taught the once party-loving Victoria to despise London, played a central role in the acquisition of both properties as well as in designing the homes he and Victoria erected on them between and The queen soon came to hold the Highlanders in more esteem than she held any other of her subjects. She liked the simpler life of the Highlandsas her published journal was to reveal: In their quest for privacy and intimacy Albert and Victoria adopted a way of life that mirrored that of their middle-class subjects, admittedly on a grander scale.
She enjoyed the novels of Charles Dickens and patronized the circus and waxwork exhibitions. Both Victoria and Albert, however, differed from many in the middle class in their shared preference for nudes in painting and sculpture.
Victoria was not the prude that many claimed her to be. She was also no Sabbatarian: Although in she and Albert supported the repeal of the Corn Laws protectionist legislation that kept the price of British grain artificially high in order to relieve distress in famine-devastated Irelandthey remained much more interested in and involved with the building of Osborne and foreign policy than in the tragedy of Ireland.
Inrejoicing in the failure of the last great Chartist demonstration in London, the queen wrote: From The Life and Times of Queen Victoria, volume II, by Robert Wilson Cassell and Company, Limited, The loyalty of the people at large has been very striking and their indignation at their peace being interfered with by such worthless and wanton men—immense.
The consequences of continental revolutions led her to conclude: Revolutions are always bad for the country, and the cause of untold misery to the people.Benjamin Disraeli: Jewish-Born Prime Minister of England (Jewish Biography as History)
She was mortified by this: Peel was so difficult to talk to; his extreme shyness in her presence made her feel shy too, while his nervous mannerisms, his irritating habits of pointing his toes and thrusting out his hands to shake down his cuffs, reminded her of a dancing master. When he tentatively asked for some changes in her household, in which most of her ladies were Whigs or married to Whigs, she refused to consider the matter.
Faced by her stubborn pertness, Peel was compelled to give way, and Melbourne remained in office. Inhowever, after a general election, the Tories came to power under Peel and the Queen, by then married to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, was persuaded to take a less hostile view of her new Prime Minister.
Indeed, under the influence of Prince Albert, she came to share her husband's high opinion of Peel's character and attachments, and to approve his policies. He, for his part, in his dealings with the queen, did all he could to follow the advice of Melbourne, who asked Charles Greville to pass it on for him: The Queen is not conceited; she is aware there are many things she does not understand, and she likes to have them explained to her elementarily, not at length and in detail but shortly and clearly.
Peel took care to follow this advice also, and, when he was forced to resign, she was as sorry to part with him as he was to leave her.
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It was, he said, 'one of the most painful moments' of his life. And when he died inshe deeply lamented the loss of 'a kind and true friend', her 'worthy Peel, a man of unbounded loyalty, courage, patriotism and highmindedness'.
He was a short and emaciated man, not noticeably taller than his dumpy monarch - who found him stubborn, opinionated and graceless. Worse than this, he either could not or would not curb the excesses of his tiresome, high-handed Foreign Secretary, Lord Palmerston, who provided her with drafts of despatches after the originals had been sent, took no notice of her or her husband's suggested amendments to them, and, having agreed to mend his ways, carried on as before. The Queen told Russell more than once that the day would come when she would have to insist on Palmerston's dismissal.
This, however, was not to be; and induring the war against Russia in the Crimea, Palmerston came to power as the only one of her ministers considered capable of leading the country to victory.
The Queen was horrified: Palmerston, moreover, had greatly shocked Prince Albert by stumbling into the bedroom of one of the Queen's ladies-in-waiting at Windsor, in the unfulfilled hope of seducing her. Yet, against all expectations, difficult as he had been as Foreign Secretary, Palmerston proved perfectly amenable in office, polite and accommodating. Prince Albert agreed that of all the Prime Ministers they had had, Lord Palmerston was the one who gave the least trouble.
We see a lot of the palace kitchens, which seem oddly empty. The rules for period drama are far from clear. Philippa Gregory recently announced that she has become so incensed by filmmakers changing the carefully researched history of her novels that she makes them sign a clause agreeing not to tamper with the facts.
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This is perhaps going a bit far. Period drama can get away with fiddling the facts when it conveys a psychological or historical truth.
In the film The Young VictoriaLord Melbourne is portrayed as a flinty-hearted toff who teaches Victoria to despise the poor, while Prince Albert redeems her by teaching her to have a social conscience.
This is sentimental fantasy and undermined a good film. By establishing Melbourne as the hero, Goodwin turns the earlier film on its head. For the teenage monarch who had grown up in a bubble of royal intrigue at Kensington Palace, learning to separate her public duty from her private life was crucial.