Everything you ever wanted to know about Jack Worthing in The Importance of Being Earnest, Why would Wilde make Jack and Algernon so much alike?. Algernon and Jack discuss the nature of marriage when they dispute briefly is a matter of “business” or “pleasure,” and Lady Bracknell touches on the issue. A look at the leading male characters Jack Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff in Oscar of Algernon (Oscar Wilde): According to Algernon, relationships are The problem is that Gwendolen thinks that Jack's name is Ernest.
When Jack hears this, he asks her: She tells Jack that the name she hates most is Jack's real name, ''John. Appalled, Jack decides to further his efforts to cover-up his lies by being christened by a reverend in order to legally change his name to Ernest. At this point, it seems that it will only be a matter of time before his lies are revealed; but to make matters worse, Jack then faces Gwendolyn's mother, Lady Bracknell, who refuses to allow him to propose to Gwendolyn because of his background.
Jack has no knowledge of who his parents are. Unfortunately for him, he was found in a bag in a coat-room, and cared for by another family.
Because he has no proof of his family line, Lady Bracknell finds him deplorable. And Jack's opinion of the woman is nothing short of mutual. Given that Jack has had to struggle to become a somewhat respected man of society, Lady Bracknell's refusal of his proposal to her daughter angers him. He confesses to Algernon: Never met such a Gorgon. I don't really know what a Gorgon is like, but I am quite certain that Lady Bracknell is one.
In any case, she is a monster, without being a myth, which is rather unfair…'' Jack is more Ironic than he is Earnest The irony of Jack's character is shown through another interaction he shares with Algernon.
While the two bicker back and forth about the proper way to behave socially, Jack states: Everybody is clever nowadays. You can't go anywhere without meeting clever people. The thing has become an absolute public nuisance.
To miss any more might expose us to comment on the platform. I dare not even suspect, Dr. I need hardly tell you that in families of high position strange coincidences are not supposed to occur. They are hardly considered the thing. Worthing, I confess I feel somewhat bewildered by what you have just told me. To be born, or at any rate bred, in a hand-bag, whether it had handles or not, seems to me to display a contempt for the ordinary decencies of family life that reminds one of the worst excesses of the French Revolution.
Worthing, to try and acquire some relations as soon as possible, and to make a definite effort to produce at any rate one parent, of either sex, before the season is quite over. Only when she learns about her fortune ofpounds she suddenly changes her mind: There are distinct social possibilities in your profile. The two weak points in our age are its want of principle and its want of profile. The chin a little higher, dear.
Style largely depends on the way the chin is worn.
Jack Worthing in The Importance of Being Earnest: Analysis & Quotes
They are worn very high, just at present. Well, I am really only eighteen, but I always admit to twenty when I go to evening parties. Upon what grounds may I ask? Algernon is an extremely, I may almost say an ostentatiously, eligible young man. He has nothing, but he looks everything. What more can one desire? She is part of the family while at the same time being a servant. She initially appears as a stereotype of the Victorian governess, although she is able to write a novel: Supposedly because she did not fulfil the expectations of a governess, Miss Prism never returned home, and thus Lady Bracknell's behaviour about the presence of Miss Prism in Jack's house is justified.
The butlers Lane and Merriman are also perfect examples of Victorian butlers in that they wittily antagonise their masters. Lane seems to be equally dandyish as Algernon and parodies the type of Victorian butler whose mind is sharper than his master's - as we see in the very first lines of the play: Did you hear what I was playing, Lane? According to Longman's Dictionary of English Language and Culture, identity is defined as "who or what a particular person or a thing is" For a better understanding, more concepts of "identity" are necessary.
For a more philosophical approach, "identity" is described as "In personal identity the concern has been to determine whether anything in the body or mind remains constant; philosophers have reached no general agreement on this point. The term identity has also become increasingly important in modern psychology, largely through the work of Erik Eriksson.
He has used the term to designate a sense of self that develops in the course of a man's life and that both relates him to and sets him apart from his social milieu.
It has become a recognized result of social studies that people 's identity changes with social settings, social role and group behaviour mechanism In Algernon and Jack kinds of split personalities can be determined. The term "split personality" is not to be seen in the medical sense of mental illness, since in such a case, the affected persons do not have control over their personalities.
Jack Worthing in The Importance of Being Earnest: Analysis & Quotes | acryingshame.info
In the play both have consciously created their double identities and even cultivate them within the social environment and use them consciously as an alibi to escape any social obligations whenever they feel uncomfortable.
Algernon's attempts to get to know who Cecily is, lead to the revelation about "Ernest" and "Jack": Well, my name is Ernest in town and Jack in the country, and the cigarette case was given to me in the country. Worthing, there is some error.
I am afraid that the news I have to give you will not altogether please you. You are the son of my poor sister, Mrs. Always looking for his true identity and seeking for his own familiar background, might have been a reason for his unconcerned double life. Jack sometimes left his social role with all its restrictions for a little pleasure, lived a double life without any need for justification - and, different to Oscar Wilde who was imprisoned, was rewarded for what he did.
It could also show a general attitude that predominates the Victorian Society. Algernon's understanding of identity is the following: You have always told me it was Ernest. I have introduced you to every one as Ernest.
You answer to the name of Ernest. You look as if your name was Ernest. You are the most earnest-looking person I ever saw in my life. Here is one of them. Algernon even creates two different identities: Bunbury is his pretext to see friends in Shropshire instead of attending dinner parties.
I suspected that, my dear fellow! I have Bunburyed all over Shropshire on two separate occasions. Why are you Ernest in town and Jack in the country?
Jack's frank talk about his double life has given Algernon enough hints to adopt this third identity. In literature, four kinds of role -playing are distinguished: The ancient concept of playing roles was to pretend to be somebody else. In some ancient plays wooden masks were used to disguise the true character.
Also, someone plays a role when he behaves according to a certain social environment i. One can describe it as filtering: The person's words, movements and activities are dependent on the surrounding environment. It is also important to mention that playing a role is determined by the goal the role - playing person wants to achieve.
Such subjective reasons could for instance be a higher status within society, revenge or other personal reasons such as money or marriage.
These subjective reasons are usually aroused by unsatisfactory situations. Algernon's personal reason to play the role of "Ernest" is to meet Cecily and marry her. Playing a role can simply mean acting and behaving in a certain manner, which is central to the character's identity.
This type of role is close to the definition of social roles, which means that a person from a certain social class will usually act, behave and talk according to the rules of this class.
Algernon is on one side the loving and protective nephew of Aunt Bracknell, on the other side a selfish dandy who leads a secret double life from time to time. Jack is the protective uncle who visits his brother every once in a while.
Lady Bracknell is, depending on the situation, a self -conscious woman, but also values appearance and style higher than reality, which often creates a comic effect. The butlers Lane and Merriman behave as ordinary butlers, but also present a cleverness and life attitude which goes beyond their expected social roles.
The governess Miss Prism writes a three-volume novel, and Dr. Chasuble is not at all irritated by the fact that two adult men seek to be christened. As we can see from the above mentioned examples, playing roles is an essential feature of the play: The reader expects a character to behave in a certain way, but soon discovers that each character behaves according to situation and partner, and often switches between different roles.
The unexpected reaction of the characters produces the comedic impression of the play. Most people, moreover, have a given name and a family name; a subject of controversy and, sometimes, in the case of personal names, of metaphysical anxiety. Aristotle mentioned, "that someone's forgetting of our name is, however trifling, a legitimate cause of anger" The philosophers of the Ancient Greece, for instance, were very aware of the relation between objects and their names.
The fascination for naming things and persons can be traced back over many centuries. In the Renaissance Era, the meaning of names was a matter of mysticism. It was seen as a divine gift, whereas in the 18th to 20th century names were seen more realistically.
Philosophers have asked themselves, "whether the name of a thing is arbitrary or is intrinsically connected to its nature. Another aspect of the relation between name and identity can be found in "Felix Krull" by Thomas Mann. The protagonist's sister is going to be married and is very fascinated about the change of her name: In Oscar Wilde's play, names play an essential role. The characters are physically the same, but because they rename themselves, they gain a different identity.
There is something in that name that inspires absolute confidence. The moment Algernon first mentioned to me that he had a friend called Ernest, I knew I was destined to love you.
To court the two women, John Worthing and Algernon Moncrieff show more effort in adopting the name "Ernest" than to reveal their true identity to them: I never go without my dinner. No one ever does, except vegetarians and people like that. Besides I have just made arrangements with Dr. Chasuble to be christened at a quarter to six under the name of Ernest. My dear fellow, the sooner you give up that nonsense the better. I made arrangements this morning with Dr. Chasuble to be christened myself at 5.
Gwendolen would wish it. Besides, I have a perfect right to be christened if I like. There is no evidence at all that I have ever been christened by anybody.
I should think it extremely probable I never was, and so does Dr. It is entirely different in your case. You have been christened already. Although such associations have some basis in fact, they do not adequately indicate the nature of this complex, paradoxical age that was seen as a second English Renaissance. Like Elizabethan England, Victorian England saw great expansion of wealth, power and culture. Wilde engaged with and mocked the forms and rules of society. His stance as a dandy and outsider let him use the conventions of a social world for his social drama, which mirrored its values by reinforcing social circumstances and showing the consequences of maintaining ideals.
The fact is constantly mentioned in the more expensive monthly magazines, and has reached the provincial pulpits, I am told … p.